Landscape and environment 1300 up to 1350

Hudewald Ivenack Oaks 13th century Hudewald Ivenack Oaks 13th century

region Mecklenburg

Glassworks for manufacturing profitable forest glass from indigenous quartz sand required very high temperatures for the melting process, and these could only be achieved using hard wood. Large numbers of oaks and beech trees were chopped down and used as fuel.

Die Oder bei Swinemünde The river Oder near Swinemünde

region Western Pomerania

Due to the high profits it generated, the “right to wood” in the forests was a privilege of landlords – the dukes and landed gentry. The theft of wood from fallen branches and trees that had toppled down was heavily punished as “wood crime.”