• subject: Science and education

Science and education

Technical center Neustadt <br> around 1910 Technical center Neustadt
around 1910

region Mecklenburg

School education in the Middle Ages was a private matter. Latin schools were open to sons of upper class families in towns and cities. In 1419 a university was founded in the Hanseatic City of Rostock.

During the Reformation urban schools were developed and 'sacristan schools' were built in the countryside. Young members of the aristocracy were educated in 'Fürstenschulen'.

It was not until the 19th century that secondary schools, schools for 'daughters from wealthy families', vocational schools, teachers’ colleges, technical schools in Neustadt-Glewe, Neustrelitz and Sternberg and nautical colleges in Wismar and Wustrow were established.

In the GDR Rostock University was known as 'Wilhelm Pieck University' from 1976 until 1990. Professional schools were created and some of them were continued as colleges after 1990. 'Extended secondary schools' were turned back into normal secondary schools.

more
Gerhard Katsch, Büste in Karlsburg Bust of Gerhard Katsch, long-standing rector at the University of Greifswald

region Western Pomerania

Germanic and Slavic tribes have a verbal tradition of passing on their knowledge.

School education in the Middle Ages was a private matter. Latin schools were open to sons of upper class families in towns and cities. A university is founded in the Hanse city of Greifswald in 1456.

Municipal schools for girls as well are established during the Reformation.

The students attend Gymnasien – grammar schools – to acquire university entrance qualifications. Schools for 'young ladies from respectable homes', vocational colleges, seminaries for teachers and nautical schools open in Stralsund and Barth during the 19th century.

The university in Greifswald has been named after Ernst Moritz Arndt since 1933, leading to protests from 1990 onward. The naval officers' academy is located in Stralsund during the GDR period.

In 1990, the 'extended secondary schools' are transformed back into grammar schools. A university of applied sciences is founded in Stralsund.

more