• period: 1450 up to 1500

1450 up to 1500

Neustadt-Glewe Castle Neustadt-Glewe Castle

region Mecklenburg

Duke Ulrich II. died in 1471. Stargard fell to Mecklenburg. In 1483 Duke Magnus took over sole reign until 1503. He arranged the finances, qualified the civil servants and streamlined the administration. The strong coastal towns remained unbroken.

The goods for money relationship increased in urban markets. In the countryside payments in kind and goods for goods relationships were common.
The late Gothic period led to the creation of European masterpieces such as the Church of St. Nicholas in Wismar.

20 Sternberg Jews were burned in 1492 as they had supposedly pierced sacred sacramental bread. The remaining Jews had to leave the state. The sacramental bread as “holy blood” brought pilgrims to Sternberg parish church.

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“Rubenow board” from Greifswald Cathedral for the founders of the university, ca. 1460 “Rubenow board” from Greifswald Cathedral for the founders of the university, ca. 1460

region Western Pomerania

Bogislaw X. reunites the duchy. Forging a dynasty through marriages of convenience, he eases the tension with his neighbours. He modernises the administration and introduces Roman law and record-keeping. He is in charge of appointing the senior clergy, has a say in the assignment of priests and brings the large rural monasteries under his control. But he is unable to break the influence of the larger cities.

The University of Greifswald is established in 1456, installing the classic faculties of law, medicine and humanities. Finishing schools prepare the sons of prosperous citizens for their studies.

The goods for money relationship increased in urban markets. Payments in kind and goods for goods relationships were most common in the country.

The Late Gothic period led to the generation of fantastic works of art in Europe. The Town Hall in Stettin is completed. The von der Schulenburg family in Penkun commissions the construction of a palace that vies with its ducal counterparts. These buildings were covered with fired clay roof tiles Most of the houses had thatched roofs made of straw or reeds.

Pilgrimage is an important part of religious practice. Churches and chapels receive innumerable donations. The 1492 Synod of Stargrad threatens to impose draconian punishments to combat the secular lifestyle among the clergy.

In 1481, Duke Bogislaw X initially restricts residence rights for Jews and then expels all protected Jews from Pomerania.

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Exhibits from the period 1450 up to 1500:

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