• period: 1300 up to 1350

1300 up to 1350

Mediaeval city fortification of Sternberg Mediaeval city fortification of Sternberg

region Mecklenburg

Henry II. (“Henry the Lion”) competed, alongside the sovereignty of Mecklenburg, for power over the states of Stargard in 1317 and Rostock in 1323. King Charles IV. elevated Albert II. and John I. to dukes and imperial princes in 1348.

Shipping required a broad supply industry. Agriculture led to the processing of food commodities and supported the trades required for manufacturing the equipment. Service providers such as barber surgeons and barbers shaped whole streets. Metal trades such as tin moulders, founders and goldsmiths developed a good reputation.

On the other hand, the first pogroms against the Jews emerged. In 1325 they were believed to have pierced sacramental bread in Krakau and in 1330 Jews in Güstrow were burned.

Küter gate in Stralsund Küter gate in Stralsund

region Western Pomerania

Following the death of Vitslav III., Prince of Rügen, in 1325, the island – with it also Stralsund and Barth – falls to the Wolgast line of Pomeranian dukes. Wars of succession then break out with Mecklenburg.

The new rulers had established themselves in the state. The administration is put in order. “State peace alliances” aimed to provide protection against robber barons.

Shipbuilding required a broad supplier trade. Construction workers were tied up for years working on urban buildings, field monasteries and village churches. The Town Hall in Stralsund is completed in 1340. Castles were created along the border. Agriculture generated a processing trade for food production in towns. Barber surgeons and barbers worked in the health sector. Metal-working craftsmen such as pewterers, founders and goldsmiths developed a good reputation.

Scriptoria, trivial schools and monastery schools emerge around the monasteries. Christian families were generally accepted as a way of life. Natural religious ideas and the belief in miracles are preserved. As a counter measure the church developed the persecution of "witches" and "wizards". Jew burnings occur repeatedly in response to rumours of defiled hosts.

Exhibits from the period 1300 up to 1350:

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