Mecklenburg and Pomerania through the ages
Information on-site
Revocation of the independent monastery of Ratzeburg in 1648 and union with Mecklenburg-Güstrow
Political and regional capital of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Hanseatic city from 1648 to 1903 with the administrative district of Neukloster in Swedish hands
Venue in Mecklenburg-Schwerin for the joint Mecklenburg regional parliament alternating with Malchin
Leading part of the city with the chair of the rural towns in Mecklenburg-Schwerin and entitlement to participate in the regional parliaments
Hanseatic city, jointly owned by the Dukes of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Güstrow
Political and regional capital of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
Venue in Mecklenburg-Güstrow for the joint Mecklenburg regional parliament alternating with Sternberg
Leading part of the city with the chair of the rural towns in Mecklenburg-Schwerin and entitlement to participate in the regional parliaments
After Lübeck, at times the most important Hanseatic city south of the Baltic Sea
Hanseatic city , site of university since 1456
Hanseatic city , in the C14th and C15th, closely allied with Stralsund, Greifswald and Anklam
residence of the Wolgast line of the Greifenhaus from 1295 to 1625
Hanseatic city , in the C14th and C15th, closely allied with Stralsund, Greifswald and Demmin
Hanseatic city and residence of the Pomeranian dukes
Hanseatic city
Information on-site
The principality of Ratzeburg with the cathedral peninsula of the city of Ratzeburg becomes Mecklenburg-Strelitz after the Thirty Years' War
Political and regional capital of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
from 1648 to 1903 with the administrative district of Neukloster in Swedish hands
Venue in Mecklenburg-Schwerin for the joint Mecklenburg regional parliament alternating with Malchin
Leading part of the city with the chair of the rural towns in Mecklenburg-Schwerin and entitlement to participate in the regional parliaments
Harbour- und university town
Political and regional capital of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
Venue in Mecklenburg-Güstrow for the joint Mecklenburg regional parliament alternating with Sternberg
Leading part of the city with the chair of the rural towns in Mecklenburg-Schwerin and entitlement to participate in the regional parliaments
Harbour town, in Swedish possession after the Thirty Years' War
University town
in Swedish possession after the Thirty Years' War
in Swedish possession after the Thirty Years' War, garrison town
as a result of the Thirty Years' War, in Swedish possession until 1713; in Prussian possession after 1720
Harbour town, passed into the possession of Brandenburg-Prussia after the Thirty Years' War
Information on-site
Principality of Ratzeburg with the cathedral peninsula of the city of Ratzeburg is an exclave of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Political and regional capital of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Harbour town from 1648 to 1903 with the administrative district of Neukloster in Swedish hands
Venue in Mecklenburg-Schwerin for the joint Mecklenburg regional parliament alternating with Malchin
Leading part of the city with the chair of the rural towns in Mecklenburg-Schwerin and entitlement to participate in the regional parliaments
Harbour town, largest rural town and owned by the Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Venue in Mecklenburg-Güstrow for the joint Mecklenburg regional parliament alternating with Sternberg
Leading part of the city with the chair of the rural towns in Mecklenburg-Schwerin and entitlement to participate in the regional parliaments, largest town in Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Political and regional capital of Mecklenburg-Strelitz since 1733
Harbour town, in Swedish possession after the Thirty Years' War
University town
in Swedish possession after the Thirty Years' War
in Swedish possession after the Thirty Years' War
as a result of the Thirty Years' War, in Swedish possession until 1713;
Harbour town, passed into the possession of Brandenburg-Prussia after the Thirty Years' War
Information on-site
Principality of Ratzeburg with the cathedral peninsula of the city of Ratzeburg is an exclave of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Political and regional capital of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Harbour town from 1648 to 1903 with the administrative district of Neukloster in Swedish hands
Venue in Mecklenburg-Schwerin for the joint Mecklenburg regional parliament alternating with Malchin
Leading part of the city with the chair of the rural towns in Mecklenburg-Schwerin and entitlement to participate in the regional parliaments
Harbour- und university town
Venue in Mecklenburg-Güstrow for the joint Mecklenburg regional parliament alternating with Sternberg
Leading part of the city with the chair of the rural towns in Mecklenburg-Schwerin and entitlement to participate in the regional parliaments
Political and regional capital of Mecklenburg-Strelitz since 1733
Harbour town, in Swedish possession after the Thirty Years' War
University town, in Swedish possession after the Thirty Years' War
in Prussian possession after 1720
in Prussian possession after 1720
in Prussian possession after 1720
Harbour town, passed into the possession of Brandenburg-Prussia after the Thirty Years War
Information on-site
Principality of Ratzeburg with the cathedral peninsula of the city of Ratzeburg is an exclave of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Political and regional capital of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Swedish-owned harbour town, but pledged to Mecklenburg-Schwerin since 1803
Venue in Mecklenburg-Schwerin for the joint Mecklenburg regional parliament alternating with Malchin
Leading part of the city with the chair of the rural towns in Mecklenburg-Schwerin and entitlement to participate in the regional parliaments
Harbour- und university town
Venue in Mecklenburg-Güstrow for the joint Mecklenburg regional parliament alternating with Sternberg
Leading part of the city with the chair of the rural towns in Mecklenburg-Schwerin and entitlement to participate in the regional parliaments
Political and regional capital of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Harbour town, an important administrative centre of the province of Pomerania as of 1815
University town
Prussian garrison and district town
Prussian district town
Capital of the Province of Pomerania
Prussian harbour town
Information on-site
Urban municipality from 1945 to 1952, regional (capital) town from 1952
Urban municipal harbour and shipbuilding town
Urban municipal harbour, shipbuilding and university town, regional (capital) town from 1952, largest town in Mecklenburg and the three northern districts
Urban municipality, regional (capital) town since 1952
Urban municipal harbour and shipbuilding town
Urban municipal university town
Information on-site
Urban municipal regional capital of Mecklenburg-West Pomerania since 1990
Urban municipal harbour and university town since 1990
Information on-site

Slavic settlement (1000)

The Slavic ethnic groups or tribes have lived in smaller village communities for about 500 years, in habitats without any clearly defined boundaries not far from refuge forts. In their last independent stage of the 12th century, they also founded early urban trading settlements along the Baltic coast. Various versions of their names have been passed down by the Christian immigrants.

Duchies of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Güstrow

The “Second Partition of Mecklenburg” in 1621 resulted in Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Güstrow. Both regents bear the title “Duke of Mecklenburg”. Justice and the church are jointly administered. Dukes, knights, the city of Rostock and the so-called “Vorderstädte” towns (a sort of district capital) of Parchim and Neubrandenburg form the “Landständische Union” (“Union of the Country Estates”). Wismar, Poel and the “Office Neukloster” become Swedish in 1648.

Redistribution according to the Peace of Westphalia 1648

After the end of the Thirty Years' War, the Pomeranian territories fall to Sweden. The Mecklenburg territories of Wismar, Poel and the “Office Neukloster” also became Swedish in 1648.

(Grand)Duchies of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Strelitz

With the “Third Partition of Mecklenburg” in 1701, Mecklenburg-Schwerin is considerably enlarged and Mecklenburg-Strelitz receives the Ratzeburg land around Schönberg. Neustrelitz is created as a new planned capital city. The “Landständische Union” remains and resolves, in 1755, the "Landesgrundgesetzlichen Erbvergleich" relating to the hereditary settlement of land. The Swedish areas around Wismar become a de facto part of Mecklenburg again in 1803.

Sweden loses Pomeranian territories to Prussia

After the Great Northern War, the regions around Demmin, Anklam, Stettin, Wollin and the island of Usedom fall to Prussia. They are designated “Prussian-Hither Pomerania”. “Prussian-Farther Pomerania” is formed to the east.

Northeast Germany after the Congress of Vienna

In 1803, the Swedish areas around Wismar and the town itself effectively became Mecklenburg again through a 100-year lease, which Sweden waived in 1903. After Napoleon's final defeat, Prussia received the remaining Swedish territories on the southern Baltic coast at the Vienna Congress in 1815 and formed the administrative districts of Stralsund and Stettin in the province of Pomerania.

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Mecklenburg and the districts of Rostock, Schwerin and Neubrandenburg

After the end of the World War II, the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern was formed (from 1947 only Mecklenburg) with 20 districts and five independent towns. In 1952, the district of Rostock on the Baltic Sea coast (characterised by maritime industry and tourism) and the agricultural districts of Schwerin and Neubrandenburg with 29 administrative districts are established in the GDR. The Brandenburg districts of Perleberg, Templin and Prenzlau have been added.

Federal state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

In 1990, the federal state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania becomes part of the Federal Republic of Germany, with the state capital Schwerin as its seat of parliament and government. The three districts of Brandenburg go to the state of Brandenburg. After several district reforms, six administrative districts and the two independent towns of Rostock and Schwerin are created in 2012.